Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a physical condition that affects muscle control and movement. It is usually caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after birth but there may be no obvious single reason. Cerebral palsy is usually diagnosed at birth or in early childhood.

According to the disability charity Scope, possible signs of Cerebral Palsy can include:

  • delays in reaching development milestones
  • being too stiff or too floppy
  • fidgety, jerky or clumsy movements
  • muscle spasms
  • walking on tiptoes

Each individual with cerebral palsy will be affected differently, depending on the type and severity of cerebral palsy.

Cerebral palsy is not a learning disability but some people with cerebral palsy may also have a learning disability, as children with cerebral palsy include the same range of intellectual development as other children.

Some people with cerebral palsy may also have issues with other areas of development, such as issues with:

  • movement and mobility
  • difficulties with speech and language and communication
  • eating and drinking
  • control of saliva or drooling
  • visual impairment or deafness
  • issues with pain
  • difficulties with behaviour and emotional wellbeing
  • epilepsy and seizures
  • issues with sleep

Related Information

Last updated: 26/02/2024

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